Edward Mordrake

Edward Mordrake: True or False?

This is an article on the dubious story of Mr. Edward Mordrake (also spelled Edward Mordake) and his wicked twin. Perhaps this one is the strangest story of all deformities in human history. Mordrake was said to be a successor to an English peerage. Although he was a good-looking man, the bizarre claim is that Mordrake had an extra face that was located on the back of his head.

Photographs Of Mordrake

The photograph below is not an actual picture of Mordrake, nor his “devil twin.” It is just one of various wax sculptures that artists had created some time after his death. If you go to Google Images and type in “Edward Mordrake,” what you get is a variety of photographs that are solely wax replicas displayed in various museums around the world. The wax interpretation was created for curious spectators who want to get a good idea of what this incredibly freaky man might have looked like (if he ever existed). Interestingly, not a single genuine photo of Mordrake exists. The jury’s still out on whether the genuine photos got lost, or never even existed in the first place.

Mordrake’s Bizarre Medical Condition

Based on Mordrake’s appearance from various wax sculptures, if he existed, he likely had a form of one of these rare medical conditions. The three are listed below:

1. Craniopagus Parasiticus: An extremely rare medical condition in which the head of a parasitic twin is attached to the head of the twin which is usually more normal.

2. Diprosopus: A conjoined twin with two faces.

3. An extreme form of parasitic twin: A twin who is a smaller and undeveloped member of a pair of unequal conjoined twins.

The Story Of A Man With Two Faces

double face Mordrake was a nineteenth-century Englishman who was said to be intelligent, charming, a scholar, and also a musician. He was a good-looking man from the front. However, his second face was quite different. According to some versions of the story, the second face was a beautiful woman. However, this is a false claim. The reason that Mordrake’s twin cannot be a female is because in all cases of craniopagus parasiticus, the pair is identical. Therefore, they are of the same sex. One might say that based on the photographs of Mordrake as a wax structure, the extra face looks like it could pass for either a man or a woman.

Below are characteristics of the duplicate face that he called “demon face.”

Characteristics Of Mordrake’s Duplicate Face

The face was unable to eat or speak out loud.

When Mordrake was happy, the face would smile.

When Mordrake would cry, the face would smirk.

The face would never sleep. Instead, it was nothing but a complete nuisance.

According to Mordrake, due to evil whispers from his duplicate face during the night, he had a hard time getting sleep.

Mordrake Decides To End His Life

Throughout Mordrake’s life, he secluded himself from the world. After all, who could blame him? Due to all of his unwanted discomfort, annoyance, and lack of a normal life, Mordrake begged doctors to remove his “evil demon face.” Unfortunately, physicians refused to have it surgically removed. Sadly, Mordrake’s life came to an end at the age of just 23.

It was the irritating and “evil twin” that drove the nineteenth-century Englishman to commit suicide. Before committing suicide, Mordrake left instructions requesting to have his duplicate face obliterated before his burial. The reason he wanted the face eliminated, is simply because he wanted to prevent it from continuing its wicked whispers in his grave.

Investigating The Story

Besides the claim that Mordrake’s duplicate face was a female, there are also other unanswered questions that would make one think the story is completely false.

There is not even a date of birth, nor the date of his death documented. Although his case was said to have occurred in the 1800s, one would think that there would be at least some good evidence to confirm the claim of his existence. So basically, all researchers can rely on are a couple of references, and stories that were passed down from generation to generation.

Below is information on the earliest reference of Mondrake.

The Earliest Reference Of Mordrake

Charles Lotin Hildreth was a fiction writer who wrote the first known description of Mordrake. It was a 1895 article from Boston Post. Besides Mordrake, there were many other human freaks in the article. Examples include a woman who was described as having the tail of a fish, a man who had the body of a spider, and a man who was supposedly half-crab. However, these cases were not genuine. Plus, being a fiction writer, the article by Hildreth doesn’t make the case for Mordrake’s existence at all convincing.

Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine

George M. GouldThe image above is of Dr. George M. Gould. Mr. Gould and Dr. Walter L. Pyle (both American doctors) co-authored the 1896 medical encyclopedia called Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine, which included an account on Mordrake. However, the account was taken directly from Hildreth’s article and was credited to a “lay source.” Although the basic morphology of Mordrake was described in the encyclopedia, there was no medical diagnosis given.

However, despite the lack of a medical diagnosis, what makes their mention of Mordrake seem credible is that their work was non-fiction. So did they make an exception to include fiction in this particular article? Perhaps they believed that despite Hildreth being a fiction writer, for some reason, the case of Mordrake was genuine.

To read the entire account (verbatim) on Mordrake from the Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine medical encyclopedia, visit Wikipedia.

Below are portraits of people with rare medical conditions from the 1896 Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine encyclopedia.

Radica and Doodica

Conjoined twins Radica and Doodica

Ritta and Christina Parodi

Conjoined twins Ritta and Christina Parodi

Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine

Conjoined twins fused at the cranium (known as Craniopagus twins)

A Reputable Website Claims They Have Solved The Mystery

According to The Museum Of Hoaxes, Mordrake was pure fiction. They believe that he was really just the literacy creation of the 19th-century fictional writer Charles Lotin Hildreth.

hoaxes

Screenshot from Hoaxes.org

After a thorough examination of the 1895 article by Hildreth titled “The Wonders of Modern Science: Some Half Human Monsters Once Thought to Be of the Devil’s Brood,” they realized that since various characters (such as the man who was half-crab) from Hildreth’s article are not mentioned anywhere else, then the entire article and account of Mordrake was only fiction.

Another major reason they reached this conclusion is because of the source in which Hilreth claimed he found the information on Mordrake. He called the source “Royal Scientific Society.” However, before 1970 (the name currently belongs to a Jordanian applied research institution), the name “Royal Scientific Society” did not exist. So Hildreth’s story on Mordrake probably didn’t come from a reliable source. Instead, it came straight from his imagination.

Read more details on the investigation by visiting Hoaxes.org.

Mordrake In The Media

AHS Freak Show Poster

  • Mordrake was featured in the 1976 edition of The Book of Lists. The list is called “10 People With Extra Limbs or Digits.”
  • American singer-songwriter and actor Thomas Alan Waits wrote a song about Mordrake for his 2002 album called Alice. The song is called “Poor Edward.”
  • So far, there have been three episodes on Mordrake in the popular series American Horror Story: Freak Show. The character is played by American actor Wes Bentley.
  • Since April of 2014, a US thriller film has been in development. The film is based on a true story and is called Edward Mordrake.

A Case Somewhat Similar To Mordrake


In the early 1980s, a man named Chang Tzu Ping had a bizarre deformity that was perhaps the closest to Mordrake. However, unlike Mordrake, this case was actually documented. Ping was a Chinese man who also had a second face. Although the extra face was incomplete, it did have a mouth, a few teeth, a patch of scalp, and even a tongue that was malformed.

Unlike Mordrake, Ping was able to get his second face surgically removed. The successful operation gave Ping a normal face, which allowed him to move on and live a normal life.

More Reasons To Believe The Story Of Edward Mordrake Is False

Below are a couple of YouTube videos regarding babies who have two faces.

Of course, there are major differences between them and Mordrake. One is that unlike Mordrake, their extra face is not located on opposite sides. The second major difference is that Mordrake supposedly lived to the age of 23. If he really had a form of diprosopus or craniopagus parasiticus, he probably wouldn’t have lived that long. There have only be around 35 cases where infants with diprosopus have actually survived well past birth. Also, individuals who have craniopagus parasiticus, rarely survive past birth.

2 Cases Of Babies With Two Faces


In 2014, An Australian couple was unaware that the twins they were expecting would be born with a rare medical condition called diprosopus. The twins were born with two symmetrical faces and two brains that are connected by one brain stem. As you can see, unlike Edward Mordrake, their faces are not on located on opposite sides. Although the majority of babies with this condition will die shortly after their birth, conjoined twins Faith and Hope have defied the odds. They lived for nearly three weeks. Before their death, the two miracle girls had developed distinct personalities.


In 2008, a girl named Lali Singh was born in a north Indian village. Like conjoined twins Faith and Hope, Lali is one of the very few infants with diprosopus to survive well past birth. Lali was born with two noses, two pairs of eyes, and two mouths. However, she only had one pair of ears.

Interestingly, according to an article on Wikipedia.org, Lali might have been the only known living individual with complete facial duplication. Despite all odds, this miracle baby lived to be two months old. Sadly, she died of a heart attack. Before Lali’s death, she was worshiped as a goddess and was seen as the reincarnation of the Hindu goddess named Durga (portrait below).

Durga The Hindu goddess

Durga Hindu goddess


Conclusion

If this story is actually true, it is likely one of the strangest medical cases in all of human history. However, even if it is just another myth, the character in the story has already been the subject of various plays, songs, television shows, and even a US thriller film. Perhaps, in a horror film, Edward Mordrake would make an excellent evil murder suspect with a split personality disorder.

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About Joseph Caltabiano

Joseph Caltabiano is a blogger, oddities lover and a former surgical technologist. He left the field of surgical technology to pursue a career in blogging and internet marketing. As clearly shown in his posts, Joseph is very passionate about unusual topics. His two most favorite topics are medical and weird science.